Very Elegant Size 8 Genuine Ancient Roman Bronze Ring 300 A. CLASSIFICATION : Ancient Roman Bronze Ring. Antique Handcrafted Nineteenth Century Siberian Unakite Semi-Precious Gemstone. ATTRIBUTION : Eastern Roman Empire (Provincial Pannonia present-day Hungary), Second or Third Century A. SIZE/MEASUREMENTS : Fits ring size 8 U.
Diameter: 22mm 18mm (outer dimensions); 19mm 17mm (inner diameter). Bezel: 15mm (breadth) 10mm (height) 1 1/2mm (thickness excluding gemstone). Tapered Width Band: 8mm (at bezel) 4 1/2mm (at sides) 2mm (at back).
Gemstone: 13mm (breadth) 10mm (height) 4mm (thickness). 6.31 carats (approximate weight). Weight: 3.42 grams (excluding gemstone). CONDITION : Very good, intact, moderately light wear, mild porosity (surface pitting caused by contact with earth while buried). DETAIL : A handsome, nicely constructed Roman bronze ring with understated but very elegant features.
The ring sports a large bezel which at one time held a gemstone, probably originally carnelian (orange colored quartz). However it is not possible to determine the type of gemstone the ring originally possessed as it was recovered without a gemstone.
The ring possesses a large oval concave bezel which forms a cup for an oval gemstone. The ring is relatively light in construction (considering its origin), and of one-piece construction, much like a contemporary ring. The more archaic rings produced by Roman artisans were characteristically made in two pieces; an incomplete ring (a shank) with a separately crafted bezel which was brazed to the shank in order to assemble the ring. This ring has almost modern styling, the design literally timeless.
The Romans had a number of different adhesives they used, some of the most common being resin and bitumen. However the ring was not recovered with the gemstone intact, so we mounted a large, natural, antique, handcrafted Siberian Unakite semi-precious gemstone using jewelers epoxy. The gemstone is quite secure, but if you at time in the future wished to remove it, this could easily be accomplished using some thinner or nail polish remover. The unakite gemstone is from the Ural Mountains of Russia, and was handcrafted by a 19th century Russian artisan, part of an heritage renown for the production of the elaborate gemstones and jewelry of the Czars of Medieval, Renaissance, and Victorian Russia. It is truly a very rich and colorful gemstone, popular throughout Europe for a number of centuries.It is believed that the source for unakite in the ancient world was Switzerland, though theres evidence that the gemstone might also have been produced in Russia in the ancient world. Though the gemstone is not as old as the ring, given the fact that many cultures of the classical Mediterranean world utilized unakite in their jewelry, and that the gemstone in itself is historically significant, it seemed an appropriate gemstone to enhance this rings beauty, a choice which preserves cultural continuity. Fate has been kind, and the ring has been preserved in wonderful condition. Of course the ring does evidence some light all over wear, clearly it was worn with some frequency during its lifetime in the ancient Roman world.
Nonetheless the ring remains entirely intact and could be worn and enjoyed on a regular basis, even today, almost two thousand years after it was originally produced. However the fact the ring evidences some wear from use in the ancient world should not be a source for disappointment. And without any regard to twenty-first century posterity, that precisely what happened!
The original Roman owner of this ring wore it, enjoyed it, and probably never could have in his most delusional moment ever dreamed that almost 100 generations later the ring would still exist. It should likewise come as no surprise that also detectable are the telltale signs that the ring spent thousands of years in the soil. Porosity is fine surface pitting (oxidation, corrosion) caused by extended burial in caustic soil.
Many small ancient metal artifacts such as this are extensively disfigured and suffer substantial degradation as a consequence of the ordeal of being buried for millennia. It is not at all unusual to find metal artifacts decomposed to the point where they are not much more substantial than discolored patterns in the soil. Actually most smaller ancient artifacts such as this are so badly oxidized that oftentimes all that is left is a green (bronze) or red (iron) stain in the soil, or an artifact which crumbles in your hand. However this specimen is not so heavily afflicted, and certainly has not been disfigured.
To the casual inspection of the casual admirer, it simply looks like an ancient ring, nicely surfaced, no immediately discernible blemishes. You have to look closely to detect the telltale signs indicating the ring was buried for millennia. No denying, there is oxidation, you can clearly see the evidence in these photo enlargements, or if in hand you inspect the ring intently.
However the extent is relatively mild. This ring spent almost 2,000 years buried, yet by good fortune there is only a very modest degree of porosity evidenced. It happened to come to rest in reasonably gentle soil conditions. Consequentially, the integrity of the artifact remains undiminished, and despite the wear, the rings remains quite handsome, and entirely wearable.
The rings overall integrity is relatively undiminished by the passage of time, and it has been professionally conserved. The ring is beautifully toned with a medium golden color very characteristic of ancient bronze, and quite handsome. The Romans were of course very fond of ornate personal jewelry including bracelets worn both on the forearm and upper arm, brooches, pendants, hair pins, earrings intricate fibulae and belt buckles, and of course, rings. This is an exceptional piece of Roman jewelry, a very handsome artifact, and eminently wearable.
Aside from being significant to the history of ancient jewelry, it is also an evocative relic of one of the worlds greatest civilizations and than ancient worlds most significant military machine; the glory and light which was known as the Roman Empire. HISTORY : Bronze is the name given to a wide range of alloys of copper, typically mixed in ancient times with zinc or tin. The Bronze Age followed the Neolithic, and as the name implies, saw the production of bronze tools, weapons and armor which were either hard or more durable than their stone predecessors. Traditionally archaeology has maintained that the earlier bronze was produced by the Maikop, a proto-Indo-European, proto-Celtic culture of Caucasus prehistory around 3500 B.
Recent evidence however suggests that the smelting of bronze might be as much as several thousand years older. Shortly after the emergence of bronze technology in the Caucasus region, bronze technology emerged in ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt, the Levant (Eastern Mediterranean), Anatolia (Turkey) and the Iranian Plateau. By the late fourth to early third millennium B.Many Bronze Age Cultures had emerged. Some of the more notable were the Celtic cultures of Middle Europe stretching from Hungary to Poland and Germany, including the Urnfield, Lusatian, and (Iron Age Transitional) Hallstatt Cultures. The Shang in ancient China also developed a significant Bronze Age culture, noted for large bronze burial urns. Britains Bronze Age cultures included the Beaker, Wessex, Deverl, and Rimbury. Cornwall was the principle source of tin not only for Britain but exported throughout the Mediterranean, and copper was produced from the Great Orme mine in North Wales. Though much of the raw minerals may have come from Britain (and to a lesser extent Spain), it was the Aegean world which controlled the trade in bronze. The great seafaring Minoan Empire appears to have controlled, coordinated, and defended the Bronze Age trade. Tin and charcoal were imported into Cyprus, where locally mined copper was mined and alloyed with the tin from Britain.
It appears that the Bronze Age collapsed with the Minoan Empire, to be replaced by a Dark Age and the eventual rise of the Iron Age Myceneans. Evidence suggests that the precipitating event might have been the eruption of Thera and the ensuing tsunami, which was only about 40 miles north of Crete, the capital of the Minoan empire. It is known that the bread-basket of the Minoan empire, the area north of the Black Sea lost population, and thereafter many Minoan colony/client-states lost large populations to extreme famines or pestilence. The end of the Bronze Age saw the emergency of new technologies and civilizations which heralded the new Iron Age. Although iron was in many respects much inferior to bronze (steel was still thousands of years away), iron had the advantage that it could be produced using local resources during the dark ages that followed the Minoan collapse.Bronze also resists corrosion and metal fatigue better than iron. Bronze was still used during the Iron Age, but for many purposes the weaker iron was sufficiently strong to serve in its place. As an example, Roman officers were equipped with bronze swords while foot soldiers had to make do with iron blades.
Unakite has been used in ornamental stone work for centuries in Europe, particularly in Switzerland and Russia. There is evidence that a site in Switzerland was a source in the ancient world. First discovered in the United States in North Carolina. Unakite can also be found as pebbles and cobbles from glacial drift in the beach rock on the shores of Lake Superior.
It is the state stone of Virginia, where it is found in the river valleys after having been washed down from the Blue Ridge Mountains. Unakite is an altered granite composed of pink orthoclase feldspar, green epidote, and generally clear quartz. It exists in various shades of green and pink and is usually mottled in appearance. In good quality unakite is considered a semiprecious stone, will take a good polish and is often used in jewelry and other lapidary work such as eggs, spheres and other carvings like animals. It is also referred to as epidotized granite.
Unakite is not limited to the United States, and is reported from South Africa, many European countries including Switzerland and Russia, as well as Brazil, and China. Some spiritualists believe that unakite allows people to concentrate on the present rather than dwelling in the past.It is also thought by some to bring clarity and aid in decision making. Some also believe unakite can help find love, aid in physical recuperation, and help maintain a healthy pregnancy. One of the greatest civilizations of recorded history was the ancient Roman Empire. The Roman civilization, in relative terms the greatest military power in the history of the world, was founded in the 8th century B. In the 4th Century B. The Romans were the dominant power on the Italian Peninsula, having defeated the Etruscans and Celts.
In the 3rd Century B. The Romans conquered Sicily, and in the following century defeated Carthage, and controlled the Greece. Throughout the remainder of the 2nd Century B.
The Roman Empire continued its gradual conquest of the Hellenistic (Greek Colonial) World by conquering Syria and Macedonia; and finally came to control Egypt in the 1st Century B. The pinnacle of Roman power was achieved in the 1st Century A. As Rome conquered much of Britain and Western Europe. For a brief time, the era of Pax Romana, a time of peace and consolidation reigned. Civilian emperors were the rule, and the culture flourished with a great deal of liberty enjoyed by the average Roman Citizen.
However within 200 years the Roman Empire was in a state of steady decay, attacked by Germans, Goths, and Persians. In the 4th Century A. The Roman Empire was split between East and West. The Great Emperor Constantine temporarily arrested the decay of the Empire, but within a hundred years after his death the Persians captured Mesopotamia, Vandals infiltrated Gaul and Spain, and the Goths even sacked Rome itself.
Most historians date the end of the Western Roman Empire to 476 A. When Emperor Romulus Augustus was deposed. However the Eastern Roman Empire (The Byzantine Empire) survived until the fall of Constantinople in 1453 A.
At its peak, the Roman Empire stretched from Britain in the West, throughout most of Western, Central, and Eastern Europe, and into Asia Minor. Valuables such as coins and jewelry were commonly buried for safekeeping, and inevitably these ancient citizens would succumb to one of the many perils of the ancient world. Oftentimes the survivors of these individuals did not know where the valuables had been buried, and today, two thousand years later caches of coins and rings are still commonly uncovered throughout Europe and Asia Minor. Roman Soldiers oftentimes came to possess large quantities of booty from their plunderous conquests, and routinely buried their treasure for safekeeping before they went into battle. If they met their end in battle, most often the whereabouts of their treasure was likewise, unknown.
Throughout history these treasures have been inadvertently discovered by farmers in their fields, uncovered by erosion, and the target of unsystematic searches by treasure seekers. With the introduction of metal detectors and other modern technologies to Eastern Europe in the past three or four decades, an amazing number of new finds are seeing the light of day two thousand years or more after they were originally hidden by their past owners. And with the liberalization of post-Soviet Eastern Europe, new markets have opened eager to share in these treasures of the Roman Empire. We package as well as anyone in the business, with lots of protective padding and containers. Unfortunately the contents of parcels are easily lost or misdelivered by postal employees even in the USA.International tracking is at additional cost. Please ask for a rate quotation.
Most of the items I offer come from the collection of a family friend who was active in the field of Archaeology for over forty years. Though I have always had an interest in archaeology, my own academic background was in sociology and cultural anthropology.
After my retirement however, I found myself drawn to archaeology as well. I spend over half of my year out of the United States, and have spent much of my life either in India or Eastern Europe. Petersburg, as well as some other worthy institutions in Europe connected with Anthropology and Archaeology. I acquire some small but interesting collections overseas from time-to-time, and have as well some duplicate items within my own collection which I occasionally decide to part with.Though I have a collection of ancient coins numbering in the tens of thousands, my primary interest is in ancient jewelry. My wife also is an active participant in the business of antique and ancient jewelry, and is from Russia. The item "Genuine Elegant Ancient Roman AD200 Bronze Ring Size 8 and Antique Unakite Gem" is in sale since Monday, March 26, 2018. This item is in the category "Specialty Services\Custom Clothing & Jewelry\Jewelry". The seller is "ancientgifts" and is located in Lummi Island, Washington. This item can be shipped worldwide.